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How will Pregnancy come along?

Dr. Shalini Kapoor Kad
March 25, 2010

A homoeopathic paediatrician, a counselling expert and a freelance writer are a few words to describe my profession. My sole aim is to put forth practical piece of information that guides every one right in the direction, blending the medicos to a layman with a simple gesture to make the medical things a little less convoluted and comprehendible.


Girls the most beautiful oeuvre created by god, blessed with a capacity to bring in a new life in the world often struggle to realise their changing body anatomy and physiological alterations that occur during the gestation period. Often the case is with the first timers who heedlessly worry on simple symptoms and keep running for help or sometimes take things a little casual ignoring certain important parameters.

The first 3 months – first trimester

The foremost symptom to begin is absence of menses, should be checked if pregnancy is not confirmed for the underlying cause. Following the first missed periods come the morning sickness, nausea on rising, vomiting with loss of appetite are a few things to pop up. A mother should never get worried on these as they are part of the cycle with no affect on the mother and the developing foetus. But if excessive and unbearable then should be brainstormed for dehydration etc. The third month will bring along increased frequency of urination with obvious rising pressure on the urinary bladder. Pricking sensations in the breast with enlarged appearance and visible veins become prominent. Though an abdominal bulge doesn’t t appear till

the forehead and cheeks of the mother. Enlarged breasts with increased vascular circulation are another feature to the phase. Abdomen presents the third month but a small lump can be felt below it in the first trimester. A positive urine pregnancy test is also during this phase after 10 to 15 days of conceiving.

3rd to the 6th month – The second trimester  

Here morning sickness usually fades out though menses don’t return back. The foetal movements can be felt by the mother during this phase, a developing life within comes to reality and women for the first time experiences her baby around the 18th week. Further progressive abdominal enlargement is prominent.

Sometimes dark pigmentations may appear on with a vertical pigmented zone better referred as linea nigra.

The last three months – the third trimester

Here absence of menses continues with enlarged abdomen. Again the frequency of urination increases due to excessive pressure and foetal movements become more and more pronounced, also abdominal pigmentations deepen with striae or stretch marks.

The abdominal height is at its maximum in the 36th week after which the baby tends to come closer to the outlet and the height depreciates around the 40th week.

The above is a small gist of major aspects related to gestation though a professional gynaecologist should always be mulled over in case of the following:-

  • Vaginal bleeding: at any stage of pregnancy any sort of vaginal bleeding should not be ignored and need urgent medical assistance. A variety of possibilities relate to the above like abortion, placenta praevia etc.
  • Severe vomiting interfering with the mother daily activities: the condition may progress to hyper emesis gravid arum, leaving one completely dehydrated and exhausted.
  • Long standing fever: the temperature may just be an indication of a serious illness beneath in form of infection or any other dysfunctions.  
  • Irregular foetal movements and unusual symptoms

Pregnancy is a gift to enjoy so be aware of every segment and enter motherhood chirpy, well informed and elated.


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