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Pregnancy and prenatal care

Dr. Shalini Kapoor Kad
April 12, 2011

A homoeopathic paediatrician, a counselling expert and a freelance writer are a few words to describe my profession. My sole aim is to put forth practical piece of information that guides every one right in the direction, blending the medicos to a layman with a simple gesture to make the medical things a little less convoluted and comprehendible.


Pregnancy is one of the most joyous occasions in the life of a woman. And if it is for the first time then, the joy knows no bounds. But after realizing the dream of getting pregnant, the would- be mother should also take care of her health and the growing fetus inside her womb so that the delivery is proper and without any complications. Let us understand some of the vital prenatal care steps.  

Frequent and regular check ups  

Although pregnancy is a normal biological occurrence care and precaution is must. Going for regular check up as advised by your health care provider. The first examination is usually conducted within 6 to 8 weeks of pregnancy. In this check up, the gynecologist tries to confirm the date of   conception so that the date of delivery can be predicted. If there are no complications, you can be advised to visit for check up in a gap of few days of every month. The general schedule is:

  • Once every month or after the completion of 4 weeks! This schedule is continued till the 28th pregnancy week.
  • From then on after every fortnight till the pregnancy completes 36 weeks
  • In the later stage, once in every week

All through the pregnancy the health care provider regularly checks the blood pressure, urine or even for traces of diabetes as blood pressure and diabetes are the most common problems during pregnancy. Ultrasound and cervical tests are too common.

Diet and Regular bowel movements


During pregnancy it is very important that the bowel movements are regular.  In the initial days, nausea and vomiting are common symptoms but even then the pregnant woman should eat balanced and fiber rich diet keeping in mind that she is now eating for the fetus inside  and it will grow on whatever she will eat. The calorie intake should be increased and a healthy diet along with the iron and other nutritional supplement pills as advised by the doctor should be taken regularly. It is not necessary to eat overwhelmingly or for two as is the general misconception. Lots of water will help keep the motions clear. Balanced diet goes a long way in maintaining your health throughout pregnancy and prevents you from infections, anemic conditions or difficult labor pains or even low weight of the fetus.


Exercising regularly

Regular exercise of mild type is advisable or you can also ask your healthcare provider for the same. As the pregnancy progresses, the exercises may change or become more mild but regular walking and stretching movements are must for easy delivery.


Relaxation and meditation


Relaxation through various breathing exercises along with meditation is very beneficial in pregnancy as it helps to control the blood pressure. If you have been detected with diabetes or blood pressure during pregnancy this becomes all the more important.


Diabetes and blood pressure

 These are two main problems which are many times detected during pregnancy and so as to make the pregnancy easy, the medications and dietary restrictions advised by the doctor should be followed religiously. 

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