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Working on PMS (premenstrual syndrome)

Dr. Shalini Kapoor Kad
March 14, 2011

A homoeopathic paediatrician, a counselling expert and a freelance writer are a few words to describe my profession. My sole aim is to put forth practical piece of information that guides every one right in the direction, blending the medicos to a layman with a simple gesture to make the medical things a little less convoluted and comprehendible.


Menstruation is a regular process in the life of a woman. Rather, this cycle gives the woman the ability to become a mother. But the pain associated with it is also creates a problem. Many times it’s not the actual menstrual cycle but the time period before that which creates the aching trouble. This is called the premenstrual period and the problem is clinically termed as premenstrual syndrome.  Some of the regular premenstrual syndromes (PMS) include stress, tender breasts, mood swings, food cravings, depression, irritability, and fatigue. Most of the women experience either one of these problems or some of them. It is more acute in women in their late twenties and early thirties.

The intensity of these syndromes differs individually and also during a particular season, they are more intense while at other times they even are not noticeable. Health strength is also one of the factors which decide the intensity of premenstrual syndrome. Some of the most common premenstrual syndrome is listed below:

Joint or muscle pain

Middle aged ladies and the girls who are new to menstruation often feel pain in joints and muscle pain. This is temporary for a day or two and generally should be left unattended. But if the pain is too difficult to bear or is coming in between your daily activities or work then pain relievers can be taken. 


Some women have severe headache before their periods and can’t even work properly. At such times, it is best not to go outside or drive and take regular medication to control the headache. Many times the headache is also due to constipation or indigestion and hence always try to watch your bowel movements at the onset of menstruation. 

Weight gain

Before menstruation your body starts retaining fluid. So don’t be worried if you’re weighing scale shows some lbs more in your weight. It is temporary and as the periods are over, the weight will again be normal.  


The premenstrual period makes you feel tired and bulky. Since your body is retaining fluid you can feel more weight and lethargy in activity. Sometimes good rest is enough to get over this problem.

Tenderness in Breast

Tenderness in breast is a common thing before menstruation. Your breast can feel pain in some areas. But this is all normal which wanes after the period starts.

Cluster of acne

Menstruation is totally based on the hormones and some times hormonal imbalance can trigger off the problem of acne which appear as small red pointed clusters on the face, making the face look ugly. This is more common in women who regularly have a problem of constipation.

Abdominal bloating

Many women loose their appetite before menstruation and experience bloating in their abdomen. At such times, women should take controlled and low calorie diet so that the body gets time to adjust to the hormonal changes taking inside.


Apart from this many other symptoms are faced by women before menstruation which can be termed as premenstrual syndrome. But if the problems are very grave you can always consult your gynecologist and sort it out.    


Comments on this Article:
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